Canadian College English cover

Introduction 9

Chapter 1 Learning to write

  • Overcoming writing blocks 12
  • Creating 14
    • Ideas: tracking them down and putting them on paper
    • Pre-association: you need questions, questions, questions
    • Creating an effect: using details that make ideas worth reading
  • Focusing 19
    • Every idea that wants to become a story needs a focus
    • Writing scenes
    • Highlighting a story
  • Visualizing 22
    • Learning to see Contrast 25
    • Every story that demands to be read has contrast
  • Point-of-view 30
    • Getting the reader to see it your way
    • Creating a point-of-view and follow through

Chapter 2Researching and organizing

  • The problem with topic sentences 36
    • The four-step process
  • Strategy 1 Learning to research a problem 38
    • How research works
  • Strategy 2Learning to use generalizations 39
    • Using general statements for transitions
    • Visualizing the whole
  • Strategy 3 Learning to write a summary article 43
  • Strategy 4 Learning to write an instructional article 46
  • Strategy 5 Learning to make a point 48

Chapter 3Researching and documenting

  • What is reliable information? 52
  • What should be documented? 52
  • Primary and secondary sources 54
  • Research and note-taking 54
    • Note-taking cardsBibliography cards
  • Documentation in general publications 56
  • Documentation in student writing 57
  • Reference list 58
  • Documenting sources from the web 58
  • Plagiarism 59
  • Documenting other sources 59
  • Finding information on the Internet 61
  • Open hearts and roadblocks 62

Chapter 4Eight one-hour strategies for mastering grammar

  • Test yourself 66
  • Introduction 67
  • What grammar is all about 68
  • Strategy 1 Mastering basic sentences 72
  • Problem Writing fragments for sentences 73
    • Tips for recognizing clauses
  • Strategy 2 Writing correct verb tense 77
    • Writing present participle and past participle
  • Problem #1 Confusing past participle and simple past 78
  • Problem #2 Using the singular with the subjunctive mood 80
  • Problem #3 Using verbs in the wrong time frame 80
  • Strategy 3 Maintaining agreement between subject and predicate 84
  • Problem #1 Failing to add s to the third person singular of the verb 84
  • Problem #2 Using singular instead of plural verbs with compound subjects 85
  • Problem #3 Making predicates agree with collective nouns 86
  • Hidden subject-predicate agreements 87
  • Strategy 4 Mastering pronoun agreement 88
  • Problem #1 Making a pronoun agree with its antecedent 88
  • Problem #2 Using pronouns with unclear antecedents 89
  • Problem #3 Using the plural with the indefinite pronoun 90
  • Strategy 5 Identifying and using objective pronouns 92
  • Problem #1 Using the subjective form of the pronoun after a verb of action 92
  • Problem #2 Using subjective for objective form after a preposition 94
  • Strategy 6 Eliminating run-on sentences 98
  • Problem Incorrect punctuation between principal clauses 98
  • Strategy 7 Using modifiers correctly 102
    • Predicate look-alikes
  • Problem #1 Misplacing the modifier 103
  • Problem #2 Using adjectives for adverbs 105
  • Strategy 8 Mastering parallel structure 108
  • Review exercises 110

Chapter 5Punctuation

  • Comma 114
  • Essential and non-essential information 115
  • Direct address 116
  • Introductory expressions 117
  • Listing 118
  • Colon 119
  • Listing and illustratingSemicolon 122
  • Joining principal clauses 122
  • Before explanatory expressions 122
  • Separating items containing commas 123
  • Separating qualifying information between principal clauses 123
  • Dash 125
  • Quotations 125
  • Direct speech and paraphrasing 125
  • A complete guide to using quotation marks 126
  • Capitalization: 11 steps to the upper case 129
  • The politics of capital letters 130
  • Apostrophe 131
  • Marking an omission (takes place of letters) 131
  • Forms plural of letters, figures and words 132
  • Shows possession 132
    • Forming the possessive singular
    • Forming the possessive plural
  • Final punctuation exercises 135

Chapter 6

    • 49 Word traps 140
  • Reference list 151
  • Index 152